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Law Land (1858-1926) |
Law Land, the son of John Land and Lydia Law, was born in Batley England on December, 29, 1858.
Law was the first child of the second marriage of John Land.
For more information on the family of John Land go to Lands in England now or at the bottom of the page.
The Marriage of Law Land and Elizabeth, Batley England, 1880 Sykes
Law Land, age 23, bachelor, joiner, of Carlinghow, Batley, the son of John Land, cloth drawer, and Elizabeth Sykes, age 24, spinster, of Carlinghow, Batley, the daughter of George Stell Sykes, shoemaker, were married in the Independent Chapel Batley, Congregational Church, Batley, Yorkshire, England on April 25,1880 in the presence of R. W. Sykes and Anne Hepworth, Certificate of Marriage in the Registration District of Dewsbury. (From a copy of the Marriage Certificate May 18, 2001, General Register Office of England).
R. W. Sykes was Elizabeth's brother. Anne Hepworth was R. W. Sykes wife.
LDS does not have records for the Independent Chapel in Batley as on March 3013.
Elizabeth Sykes was born on July 27, 1857 in Adwalton, Yorkshire, the daughter of George Stell Sykes and Sarah Walker.
For more information on Elizabeth Sykes and her family in England, go to Sykes in England now or at the bottom of the page.
Law Land and Elizabeth Sykes in the 1881 Census in Batley, England
Law Land and family at 51 Victoria Street in the township of Batley, Parliamentary District of Dewsbury in St. John's Church, Carlinghow Parish is listed as follows:
Law, Elizabeth, and Clarence Land — Immigration to Canada
I believe that Law, Elizabeth and Clarence immigrated to Canada circa 1882. However, I have not found anything on the immigration of Law, Elizabeth and/or Clarence.
Law Land and Elizabeth Sykes in the 1891 Census in Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Province of Ontario, District No. 132, York West, Law Land, age 31 born England, Elizabeth age 31 born England, Clarence, age 10 born England, Sarah age 8 born Ontario, Percy age 6 born Ontario, Ethel age 3 born Ontario, Fredrick age 1 born Ontario, carpenter, religion, all listed as "House of Israel".
More on the House of Israel later.
Occupation of Law Land
In the English records Law Land was listed as a joiner.
By the late 1800s the work of the craftsman joiner was increasingly reduced to fitting and finishing factory made goods.
By the 1900s these men were more often small business men than the superior master craftsmen of the previous generations.Canadian and US Records listed Law Land as a carpenter.
To see images of carpenters go to Carpenters
The Children of Law Land and Elizabeth Sykes
Law Land and Elizabeth Sykes had:
For more information on the children of Law and Elizabeth as adults see below.
There was an economic depression in England in the late 1870s.
The 1871 census indicated that of 1,173 babies being born every day in Britain, 468 would emigrate.While they were two among many to leave England during the peak emigration years, Law and Elizabeth's migration route was somewhat outside normal migration patterns. They left England circa 1881-2 and made the following steps:
The map shows Toronto in relationship to Buffalo, New York and Detroit, Michigan.|
Why did the Lands make the moves they made?
Elizabeth had family in Toronto.
The Lands in Toronto, Canada
Law and Elizabeth and family were in Toronto from about 1881 to 1892. Addie, Percy, Ethel and Frederick were born in Toronto. See 1891 census above.
See Land Migration Route now or at the bottom of the page for more information on their stay in Toronto.
The Lands in Detroit
The Lands moved to Detroit sometime before March 8, 1892. Detroit is about 250 miles southwest of Toronto.
Law and family moved to Detroit to be part of a religious commune called the House of Israel. It was located on 37 [and 47] Hamlin Ave. Detroit. The Lands listed their religion in the 1891 census in Toronto as "House of Israel".
On March 8, 1892 "L. Land of Dupont street, with his wife and family of small children" were listed among the Toronto families who moved to Detroit to join the commune run by Michael Mills (AKA Prince Michael) the leader of the New and Latter House of Israel.
Hamlin Avenue was the home of the "House of Israel". A revealed religion, the House of Israel, was founded in England in the mid 1800s. The sect's main congregation in America gathered in Detroit between 1891 and 1892. House of Israel members believed the "end was near". In fact, it was predicted for the year 1896. The members lived communally. They were vegetarians. Men and woman did not cut their hair, but wore it long and flowing. Men did not shave or cut their beards. There are conflicting reports on celibacy as a doctrine. Some reports say it was practiced. Others talk of marriages "in spirit". There was at least one case of a women being married "in spirit" to a church member after she had left her husband to join the sect with her 10 year old daughter. Elizabeth Land got pregnant during her stay in Detroit, as evidenced by the birth of Ruth in 1894. Michael Mills, the sect's leader, was absolutely NOT celibate.
The House of Israel commune reportedly owned 7 "cottages" on Hamlin Ave, just off Woodward, including the house of the sects leader the "Prophet" Michael Mills, known as Prince Michael. The seven house were reportedly large and were built by the commune members. While the main concentration of the House of Israel membership in Detroit resided on Hamlin avenue some members lived in other parts of the city. Both of the other two known Land address in Detroit were close to Hamlin Ave.
House of Israel members were also called Flying Rollers, Michaelites and Israelites.
Late in 1891 the sect's leader, Prince Michael, moved from Canada to Detroit with about 10 members of his sect. He declared Detroit the City of Salvation, the Mecca and Do-it-Right. He lived with 9 maidens or virgins, his wife, and his "spiritual affinity" a woman named Eliza Courts at 49 Hamlin Avenue.
In March 1892, around the time of the arrival of the Land family, Prince Michael was arrested on morals charges. It was said that he bathed in full view of the neighbors and was minister to in his bath by nine angels or virgins. They were called by such names as: Joy, Peace, Long Suffering, Meekness, Faith, Temperance and Obedience. Obedience got him a five year jail sentence. He was accused of adultery and the felonious assault and statutory rape of Bernice Bickle, age 15. He was accused of sleeping with both Eliza Courts (a senior member of the sect - she was later known as Princess Eliza) and Bernice Bickle in the same bed. His bail was set at $1,000 and the trial was moved to Ann Arbor because members of the sect were threatened by angry mobs. The story was carried by news papers all over the country. Several of the "angels" and male members of the community were called as witnesses and testified to the good character of Prince Michael. Bernice's parents were both members of the sect and her father testified in defense of Prince Michael saying he believed that his daughter was Michael's "spiritual wife". The trial lasted four days. The jury convicted in record time. Michael was sent to the state prison in Jackson and his 32 inch long hair was shorn. He served four years of his 5 year sentence. In his absence Princess Eliza ran the commune and managed to persuade the faithful that Michael was a martyr. In 1893 he appealed his sentence on the grounds that Bernice Bickle was of "unchaste character". His appeal was denied.
As part of Michael's defense it was stated:
that the presence of these people in such large numbers affected the price of real estate in the part of the city where they resided; that a mass meeting of citizens was called to devise means to rid the community of them; that the newspapers published sensational articles, charging them with immorality;The furor over the doings on Hamlin avenue brought angry mobs into the neighborhood and the court room. Prince Michael and his followers were threatened with lynching, tar and feathering and stoning. This only made the faithful feel persecuted and therefore justified in their convictions.
At one point the Hamlin Ave. community was said to have numbered about 125 members - 150 was also mentioned. By 1894 it had dwindled to only a handful.
The only civil record I found for the Lands in Detroit was the birth record of Ruth Land in 1894. It did not include an address. The LDS Index of Detroit Births lists this birth in Ward 5.
Law was listed three times in the Detroit city directories, all in Ward 5.
For more information on the House of Israel go to House of Israel
See The Land's Migration Route now or at the bottom of the page.
The Lands in Hoboken and Jersey City
Sometime after the birth of Ruth in March 1894 and before the birth of Joseph in January 1896, the Lands moved to Hoboken, New Jersey.
Sometime before February 1898 the family moved 12 Floyd Street, Jersey City, New Jersey.
They were at 72 Griffith Street, Jersey City in January 1899.
Law Land was not listed in the 1894 through 1896 Directory for Hoboken and Jersey City.
Land, Law, carp, 205 14th Street, Hoboken was listed in the 1897/98 and 1898/99 Directory.
Law Land filed his Statement of Intention to become a US citizen in Jersey City in 1899.
The Lands moved to Hauppauge where they were listed in the 1900 US census.
Law applied for citizenship in Jersey City in 1901 and gave his address as 213 14th Street, Hoboken
Law became a citizen in Jersey City in 1902.
See also The Land's Migration Route
The Lands in Hauppauge
The property on which Law and Elizabeth settled in Hauppauge originally belonged to Law's mother, Lydia, who bought it in 1899. Lydia had been living in Philadelphia with at least four of her children since circa 1882. See below.
The move to Long Island was not a clean break for the Lands. The records show that Law and/or his son, Percy, where back in Hoboken in 1902, 1903 and 1906.
I am sure they moved to Long Island because Lydia owned property there. Why she bought the property so far from Philadelphia is not clear. I do not know if she ever saw it. The transactions for the 1899 sale and the subsequent sale of the property to Law in 1902 were carried out by notaries in Philadelphia.
See Land Migration Route now or at the bottom of the page for more information on their move to Hauppauge.
Bud Land says Law moved to Long Island to be a construction supervisor when the Central Islip Mental Hospital was built.
Helen Land said that Law had a "permanent position with Central Islip State Hospital as of October 1911"
Law's Property on Long Island
Law Land bought three pieces of property in the Smithtown/Islip area between July 1902 and September 1903.
To read excerpts from the deeds for these properties go to Law Land's Property on Long Island now or at the bottom of the page.
Friday August 29, 1902, The Long Islander
Recent Transfer of Real EstateFriday July 5, 1912, The Long Islander
Real Estate Transfers Town of SmithtownFriday, September 10, 1915, The Long Islander
Law Land and w. to Clarence L Land lot adj land of Sarah J Soper, Hauppauge.....nom
Naturalization of Law Land
Before 1922 the process for becoming a citizen of the United States could be carried out in a local, state, or federal court and involved three steps:
Only adult males could apply. Wives and foreign-born children under 21 automatically became citizens with their husband and/or father.
Law Land's Citizenship Process as compared to the three steps listed above:
Who Spent Time in Hoboken After the Move to Long Island?
Clearly the whole family was not living on Long Island permanently after 1900. Law and Percy were definitely in Hoboken after 1900.
While Law did not move to Hoboken initially to rebuild the Hoboken piers (as Bud Land always said), it is highly likely that he returned to Hoboken to work on them.
The piers of the North German Lloyd Steamship Company in Hoboken, New Jersey burned on June 30, 1900. It was a tremendous fire. Not only did the piers burn, but also several ocean liners and many smaller boats caught fire. For more information on the fire see below.
According to articles in the Jersey Journal (available on microfilm at the Hoboken library) dated from November 1900 to May of 1901, construction on new piers was started almost immediately after the fire. In November 1900 the North German Lloyd lines decided to rebuild in Hoboken. Also in November of 1900 the Hamburg lines got a mortgage of $1,000,000 to rebuild their piers in Hoboken. Property was purchased from the Pennsylvania Railroads so the piers could be larger than the piers that had burned. Work began on the Hamburg-American line piers in April of 1901. The piers were rebuilt in steel. An aerial photograph taken in 1925, obtained at the Hoboken Library, shows a substantial super structure, which could involve a lot of woodwork.
The Erie Lackawanna Train Station was also build in Hoboken in the early 1900's. According to the plaque on the wall of the waiting room, the Hoboken Train terminal was built in 1906 and opened in 1907.
There was obviously a lot of carpentry work going on in Hoboken between 1900 and 1907.
According to Bud Land, Percy and Clarence apprenticed as cabinetmakers in Hoboken.
Were Elizabeth and the children living on the farm on Long Island while Law was working in Hoboken? Who else, if anyone, was living at 213 14th Street when Law applied for his citizenship in 1901? Clarence would have been 20 and Percy would have been 16 at the time.
The Lands most likely traveled back and forth between Hoboken and Smithtown on the trains. An 1889 map of Long Island show the same basic train tracks on the north and central Long Island lines as there are today. The Land house in Hauppauge was quite close to the train station in Central Islip on the central line.
Elizabeth Sykes Land on Long Island
According to Bud Land, Elizabeth Sykes Land was a member of the Hauppauge Ladies Aid Society and the Smithtown Gardening Club.
Her tombstone contains an American Legion Auxiliary marker.
Friday August 3, 1928, The Long Islander
Contact With the Law Land's Family in Philadelphia
Contact With the Elizabeth's Brothers in Canada
The Family of Law Land in Other Records on Long Island
Law and Elizabeth and their children were listed in the 1900, 1910, 1920 Federal Censuses on Long Island. Their children were listed in the 1930 Federal Census. The Land families was also listed in the 1915 and 1925 State Censuses. See Lands in the Censuses on Long Island
1913 Telephone Directory
Law and Elizabeth Land were not listed with a phone number in the 1913 telephone directory for the area. Telephones on Long Island in 1913 were a luxury item. While there were over 60 telephones in Smithtown, there were only two in Hauppauge where the Lands lived in 1913.
There was no listing for Currier or Moseley. Ethel Land married Frank Currier and Addie Land married Edward Moseley. Moir, F.C., New York Ave., Smithtown was listed. Norman Land married Madeline Moir.
1928 Telephone Directory
In the 1928 Smithtown Telephone Directory the following Lands were listed:
For some unknown reason the 1928 Directory only included names up to the letter P. The rest of the alphabet is missing.
An Interesting Situation
Addie Land married Edward Moseley. Her sister, Ether, married Frank Courier. Ed Moseley and Frank Courier were both house painters and were listed as such in the 1925 New York State census. I had thought that they probably worked together until I came across the following item in the Town Records for the town of Smithtown published in 1930.
The following bids for painting the Town Hall were received, publicly opened, and read:
Death of Law Land, 1926
Bud Land said that Law Land died of a heart attack while chopping wood in the back yard.
His death certificate lists the date of death as February 26, 1926 around 6 P.M., cause of death, acute cardiac, contributory, history of myocarditis, birth date, December 27, 1858, age, 67 years, 1 month and 27 days, occupation, carpenter, parents, John Land and Lydia Law. The information on his death certificate was supplied by Percy A. Land.
Law Land was buried in the Methodist Cemetery in Hauppauge on March 1, 1926. (Information from the death certificate of Law Land was taken from a copy in the possession of Anthony Land.)
LAW LANDAt the time of his death Law appears to have been working at the State Hospital in Central Islip as indicated by the comment in the Suffolk County News (Sayville) - Friday, March 05, 1926 Page: 3
"Employees of the State Hospital were shocked on Friday on hearing of the death of Law Land, a carpenter in the Institution at his home in Smithtown."The following Wills and related documents were obtained at the Suffolk County Records Office in Riverhead, Long Island.
Law left a hand written Will, dated May 31, 1910, which reads,
"Know all men by these present, that Law Land of Hauppauge, Suffolk County, New York, do make and publish this my last will and testament. I hereby give, devise and bequeath to my Beloved wife, Elizabeth Land, all my real and personal property. And appoint her as sole executrix of my last will and testament. In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand this thirty first day of May, in the year one thousand nine hundred and ten.There was also a typed Will dated May 31, 1910, which reads,
"Will of Law LandLaw's Will was probated on the 3rd of March 1926. It was uncontested and all eight of his surviving children signed the form. Clarence Law Land, Adelaide Land Moseley, Percy A. Land, Ethel May Courier, Ruth Weidenkeller, Joseph A. Land and Norman H. Land were listed as living in either Smithtown Branch or Hauppauge. Edna Weidenkeller was listed as living on Governor's Island. The family submitted an estimate of his real property at $4000.
There appears to have been a small problem with estate taxes and several forms were submitted regarding this question until it was settled in December 1929, when it was decided that Elizabeth did not owe taxes on the estate. In December of 1929, all the children of Elizabeth Land are listed as living in Smithtown Branch, with the exception of Edna who is listed in Honolulu. The estate files include one undated document and one dated document, which list the real properties of Law Land. The first document reads,
"Schedule "A"The second document was dated December 23rd, 1929 and was the sworn testimony by George Smith who said he was in the insurance and real estate business, was acquainted with the property of Law Land, and that the value of that property was as stated.
House Burned to Ground 1928
Friday March 2, 1928, The Long Islander
"Last Friday morning shortly before ? o'clock the Smithtown Fire Department were summoned to the residence of Reginald Kiefer, at Hauppauge (the former Law Land home) where in some manner a gasoline stove was the cause of a bad fire. The house practically burned to the ground by the time the firemen arrived on the scene. Nothing was saved from the residence. The loss is estimated at about $9,000.
Elizabeth Sykes Land After The Death Of Law Land
According to Bud Land, after Law's death, Elizabeth bought a small house on Linden Place in Smithtown, between Maple and Elm Streets, were she lived until her death in 1930. He death certificate indicates that she move to Smithtown circa August 1926.
October 29, 1926 (Long Islander)
"Mrs. Law Land who recently sold her home at Hauppauge to Reginald Keffer has bought the residence of Alec Edgar."She was listed at Linden Place in the 1928 Telephone directory.
Surprise Birthday parties were given for Elizabeth Land in August 1928 and August 1929.
February 15, 1929 the Long Islander
Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Land, Mr. and Mrs. Percy Land and Mrs. Elizabeth Land recently motored to Washington, D. C. where they visited Mrs. Edna Weidenkeller at the Walter Reed HospitalSeptember 20, 1929, The Long Islander
Mrs. Law Land of Linden Place had the misfortunate to fall from the porch of her home on Friday and break her wrist.January 3, 1930 The Long Islander
Death of Elizabeth Sykes Land, February 16, 1930
The Long Islander, February 21, 1930
"Mrs Elizabeth LandElizabeth Land died of acute dilatation of the heart due to chronic cardio renal disease on February 16, 1930 in Smithtown Branch, Long Island. Her death certificate says she had lived in Smithtown for 3 years and 6 months and had been in the United States for 38 years. She is listed as the widow of Law Land, born in England on July 27, 1858, age at death, 71 years, 6 months, and 20 days, father, George Sykes, mother, Sarah "Wright", both born in England. The information on the death certificate was provided by her daughter, Adelaide Moseley. She was buried in the Methodist Cemetery in Hauppauge on February 29, 1930. Undertaker, C. (?) B. Darling.
After the death of Elizabeth Land a family named Quade moved into the Linden Place house (August 22, 1930 The Long Islander)
Smithtown Branch Methodist Church
Friday November 6, 1931, The Long Islander
A special service to be held on Sunday evening at the Smithtown Branch Methodist Church when the illuminated cross given in memory of the late Mrs. Law Land will be dedicated. It is a gift of her son, Norman Land.
Hauppauge United Methodist Church Cemetery, Hauppauge, Long Island, New York
The following people are buried in the cemetery of the Hauppauge United Methodist Church in Hauppauge:
Long Islander, April 20, 1917
"Hauppauge - Mrs Law Land and Miss Ruth Land spent the week-end with relatives in New York City"Long Islander, January 31, 1919
"A reception was held Tuesday evening at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Law Land for their son, Joseph Land, who last week returned from a year's service as an American Red Cross driver in France. Norman Land and Harry Nichols, both recently discharged from the U. S. N. R. F. were also present besides fifty guests. Refreshments were served under the direction of the ladies of the M.E. churchLong Islander, November 30, 19-- (year cut off, between 1916 and 1918)
"Miss Edna Land has gone to New York to pass the winter with her sister, Mrs. Paul Wiedenkeller."
Long Islander, June 25, 1920
"Mrs. Peter Wiedeneller, Mrs. Paul Wiedenkeller and small son and Messrs. Joseph and Norman Land of New York enjoyed the week-end at the parental home."Long Islander, April 6, 1923
" Hauppauge - Mrs Law Land has returned from a visit to New York City."
Long Islander, April 13, 1928
Mrs. Paul Wiednekeller gave a large bridge party on Tuesday afternoon in honor of Mrs. Peter Wiedenkeller who returned on Saturday from Hawaii.Long Islander, February 1, 1929
Elizabeth Land was elected President of the Ladies Aid Society of the Methodist Church, Hauppauge.Long Islander, April 5, 1929
The 1929 Smithtown High Senior class trip to Washington included the Land grandchildren, May Moseley, Grace Courier, and Helen Land. The were joined by students from Riverhead, East Islip and Southhold. They stopped for a night in Philadelphia before preceding on to Washington where they stayed in the Hotel Hamilton.Long Islander, July 12, 1929
"Smithtown, Mrs. Law Land is entertaining her sister-in-law from Philadelphia."Long Islander, April 13, 1934
"Mrs. Mary Wooler of Philadelphia, Pa. has been a quest at the home of her nephew, Percy Land. Thursday afternoon Mrs. Norman Land was hostess at a bridge tea in Mrs. Wooler's honor"Notes: I believe that Percy Land might have visited his aunt and grandmother when he was in Philadelphia in 1917. Mary (AKA Polly) Wooler returned to Long Island a few years later in 1942. Polly Land visited with her two granddaughters, Ruth and Barbara Wooler. There are pictures of them on a beach with my mother and several of her sisters. Helen Land made notes on this visit. See Law and and Elizabeth Sykes Land Photos
Long Islander, September 23, 19-- (year cut off, must be 34 based on the marriage of Grace Courier )
"A number of quests were entertained Friday evening at the home of Mrrs. Paul Wiedenkeller, the occasion being a surprise shower for Miss Grace Courier whose marriage to Burill Seaver will take place Easter Sunday."
|In October 2009 Hans Havermann kindly shared this image of 26 Denison Avenue,
This was the Land's address at the birth of Edith (Sarah Adelaide) Land in 1883.|
|Click on the photo for more information about Clarence Land||Click on the photo for more information about Addie Land Moseley|
|Click on the photo for more information about Percy Land||Click on the photo for more information about Ethel Land Courier|
|Click on the photo for more information about Mary Land Wiedenkeller||Click on the photo for more information about Ruth Land Wiedenkeller|
|Click on the photo for more information about Joe Land||Click on the photo for more information about Norman Land|
| Land Genealogy by Helen Land|
Helen Land, the daughter of Percy Land, compiled some notes over the years on the children of Law and Elizabeth. To see a transcription of Helen's notes, click on her photo.
| The Lands in England|
For more information about John Land, the father of Law Land, and his family in England, click on the photo of Law in the bowler hat
The Sykes in England
For more information abour George Stell sykes, the fahter of Elizabeth Sykes, and his family in England, click on the photo of Elizabeth in the lilac bush.
| Lydia Law Land in Philadelphia|
Lydia Law Land immigrated to the United States (with at least her four youngest children) circa 1882. For more information on Lydia and her children in Philadelphia, click on the photo of the Philadelphia Art Museum.
| The Lands in the United States Censuses|
To see listings of Law and Elizabeth and their children in the United States Federal censuses, click on the photo of the Land cousins and their fathers.
| Photo Album|
To see photos of the Lands from the collection of Helen Land, click on the photo of Percy and Meta kissing.
| Toronto, Canada|
Law Land and family were in Toronto, Canada from circa 1881 until circa 1892. To see pictures of Toronto, click on the picture of Queens' Park, Toronto.
Law Land and family lived in Detroit, Michigan from circa 1892 to at least March 1894. To view pictures of Detroit, click on the postcard of Cadillac Square.
| Jersey City|
Law Land and family lived in Jersey City, New Jersey from at least February 1898 until January 1899. To view some pictures of Jersey City, click on the postcard of the Public Library in Jersey City.
Law Land and family lived in Hoboken, New Jersey from at least January 1896 until no later than February 21, 1898. They moved to Long Island by 1900. However, Law and Percy returned to Hoboken at various intervals until at least 1908. To view pictures of Hoboken, click on the postcard of the River Street.
| The Hoboken Fire|
For a transcription of the New York Times stories on the Hoboken fire, click on the photo of the fire.
| Law Land's Property on Long Island|
To see more information on the property Law Land owned on Long Island, click on the photo of Elizabeth and Meta.
| The Sykes in Canada|
For information of Elizabeth's brothers in Toronto, click on the the photo of Helen Land and a Sykes cousin in Toronto in 1922.
| The Migration route of Law Land and
Elizabeth Sykes and |
For more detail on the migration route of Law Land and Elizabeth Sykes, click on the photo of Percy as a young man.
| Smithtown, Long Island |
To view photos of Smithtown, click on the picture of the Presbyterian Church in Smithtown.
|Hauppauge, Long Island Pictures
To see pictures of Hauppauge, Long Island click on the image of the Methodist Church
|House of Israel|
For more information on the House of Israel go to House of Israel, Detroit, Michigan
|If you have any suggestions, corrections, information, copies of documents, or photos that you would like to share with this page, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org|
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|©Maggie Land Blanck - Page created 2004 - Latest update, September 2016|